The Landscape Diagram can help you assess which types of evaluation or data collection approaches are the best fit across contexts. This can be challenging for coalitions, collaboratives, collective impact initiatives, or any other groups working on systems change because traditional approaches might not always fit.
I learned about the Landscape Diagram through the Human Systems Dynamics (HSD) Institute. However, there are other versions of this framework (e.g., the Stacey matrix, and the Agreement-Certainty Matrix).
The table below provides an overview of each of the categories:
Dynamic (Predicative) Strategies / Activities
Collaborators are very certain that if the work is implemented correctly the desired outcomes will be achieved
Exploratory Strategies / Activities
Collaborators are very uncertain about what would lead to positive outcomes
Emergent Strategies / Activities
Certainty about achieving results is being explored
Landscape Diagram: https://www.hsdinstitute.org/resources/landscape-diagram.html
Agreement-Certainty Matrix Document: Cabaj, Mark. (n.d.). Situational Leadership & Management. Tamarack. https://here2there.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/AgreementCertaintyMatrix.pdf